COVID 19 virus is transmitted and transferred through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person and by touching the virus-contaminated surfaces. The COVID-19 virus may survive on surfaces for several hours, but normal daily use disinfectants can kill it.
Until an effective vaccine against COVID-19 is available, we have to continue to do the hard, albeit tedious, work of keeping ourselves safe and healthy—by wearing facial coverings, keeping our social distance, practicing good hand hygiene, and staying home when we’re sick.
No one is immune
This virus has never been seen in humans earlier, so absolutely no one is immune to it. That added to the fact that this virus reaches as easily from person to person as influenza, and infects the upper respiratory system, is what makes it so serious.
The COVID-19 virus is found in the upper airway, including the mouth and nose. The infection can be spread by coughs, sneezes, huffing and puffing, and likely even loud talking.
Furthermore, we are learning that infected people are unknowingly dispersing the virus, days before they begin to feel the symptoms. Some remain asymptotic throughout.
More deadly than the flu
Although scientists won’t know for sure until testing becomes widespread, COVID-19 could be about 10 times more deadly than the seasonal flu, which drives to death in about 0.1% of those it infects, says Donald N. Forthal, MD, professor of medicine and molecular biology and biochemistry, and chief of infectious diseases at UCI School of Medicine.
Researchers also don’t have accurate enough numbers to determine the actual percentage of deaths that result from this viral infection, given that there are a great many mild cases, as well as deaths, that have gone unreported.
But he expects the mortality rate to be lower than what we’re seeing today in hotspots around the globe once the data are finally collected.
Age, sex, chronic conditions increase risk
Medical experts say mortality increases with age, with the highest case-fatality rates being observed in people over 70. “Children rarely have severe disease.”
Obesity and other chronic conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, and underlying heart, lung, and kidney disease — increase the risk of severe infection.
The ubiquity of these diseases among older people, who may lack strength owing to aging and the inadequacy of some people with dementia to relate the symptoms they’re experiencing, add to the devastating impact the virus is having in nursing and care homes.
Gender is another risk factor for COVID-19. Men are dying at higher rates than women. While doctors don’t yet know why research has shown similar patterns of cytokine overreactions based on age and gender with other coronaviruses.
In a country like India, which is a densely populated and underdeveloped nation, it’s very difficult for the government and medical authorities to manage the corona patients (currently huge in numbers). There are many NGOs and independent volunteers trying their best to serve the nation. Our front line warriors are at higher risk. But where ever Coronaimpacted are just contribute your bit to help the nation to recover from this pandemic soon. Don’t forget to carry your mask and maintain the social distancing.